Saturday, June 16, 2018

IR2 von Kanitz Grenadiers

von Kanitz grenadier company - Minden Miniatures figures.
I am working on the painting of the Manstein Grenadier Battalion (2/G-II) in Marshal Lehwaldt's army at Gross Jagersdorf in 1757. The first half of the battalion consists of the grenadier companies from IR2 von Kanitz regiment. The second half of the battalion will be comprised of the grenadier companies of the second garrison regiment G-II. You put them all together and you end up with a single battalion of Prussian grenadiers.

Click on the link to the Kronoskaf history of the Manstein Grenadiers:

von Kanitz command figures

Another view of the von Kanitz grenadiers
 Next in the painting queue, naturally, will be the grenadiers from G-II. Here is a picture of the Garrison II regiment's grenadier uniforms from Kronoskaf.

Note that the G-II grenadier uniform has Swedish cuffs. I had primed a set of 16 grenadiers and was ready to paint them when I realized that I had the Prussian grenadier figures with Prussian cuffs. So I had to defer painting the unit yesterday and prime the correct set of grenadier figures with Swedish cuff.

So today, I was ready to paint. I quickly applied the blue coat color, the grey shade for the white breeches and waistcoat, and a shade of red brown as an undercoating for the flesh color. Now I was ready to start on the white cuffs and do you know what happened?

Yes, I had started painting the Prussian grenadier figures with Prussian cuffs instead of the Swedish cuffs. I had picked up the wrong set of figures. Doh! That was two hours of painting time that I had wasted today.

At least I can use the start of the grenadiers in Prussian coats with white small clothes as the grenadiers from IR4 which I can pair with IR16 to create the Polentz grenadier battalion that also fought in Lehwaldt's army.


Friday, June 15, 2018



Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Continentals on the March -A Daring Move?

Baron De Kalb directs traffic as his army is on the march.

I set up several "posed" pictures after I finished the Battle of Kingston, from the American Revolution, and wanted to post them on this blog. Continental troops are marching through a town that could be Kingston or another town in the South Carolina Campaign of 1780.

We are on Turn Eleven of Twelve in the campaign and the British have opened up a large differential in Victory Point over the Americans. Desperate times call for desperate measures. With Cornwallis near the Atlantic Ocean at Kingston, the British base in the interior of South Carolina at Camden might be vulnerable to a surprise attack. General De Kalb proposes to attack the Camden garrison (6SPs commanded by Lord Rawdon) with at least 6SPs of veteran Continental troops. 

Following the defeat and capture of Gates' army at Kingston, De Kalb commands the last Continental Army of any significance in South Carolina. So this is a very bold move by the American command, which cannot afford to lose a battle and a lot of men.

The veteran Maryland Brigade leads the column through one of the towns along the route.

A closer view of DeKalb directing traffic. Where are they headed to?
Continental light troops protect the wagon train.

The rear guard.

I am off to Warwickshire in the UK next week, so the Battle of Camden will have to wait to be played until I get back in the final week of June. The battle should be quite a cracker.

Sunday, June 10, 2018

Fritz Grabs the Colours at Zorndorf - A Vignette

King Frederick II of Prussia, after Carl Rochling (picture shown on the book cover above)


Over the past week or so I have been working on the famous Carl Rochling vignette of Frederick the Great grabbing the colours of the von Bulow Regiment (IR46) at Zorndorf. If you are an enthusiast of the Seven Years War then you are probably familiar with the painting.

The vignette stands in front of the painting as shown on the cover
of the Osprey book about the Zorndorf Campaign of 1758
The vignette created from converted Minden Miniatures

The rear view showing the "battlefield debris" of sorts.

A side view. The casualty is also a Minden figure and the drum is
one of the "master" equipment bits that is used to make new drummer figures.

Another front view showing the conversion of the fusilier NCO figure.

How I Converted the Minden Figures for the Vignette

The pictures below illustrate the figures used and the process by which I created the the two figures of Frederick and the Fusilier officer from Minden Miniatures figures for my vignette.

I started with the Prussian fusilier NCO figure and made a small cut underneath the left foot so that I could push it flat to the ground. The right foot was cut from the base and a small saw cut was made behind the knee so that I could bend the leg back a little bit. The back right foot will actually be raised off the ground more than is shown in the picture in order to create a natural walking stride.

The Prussian officer holding a sword was used for my Frederick figure because the figure is already holding a sword in the right hand, per the Rochling picture. I drilled a hole in the left hand so that the flag pole will fit in it. Ideally I would have lopped off the left arm at the elbow and made a new arm, raised a little bit higher, with greenstuff epoxy putty. I am not a figure sculptor so I had to make do pretty much with what was available.

I then filed off the lapels and gorget of the officer and used more epoxy putty to button over the lapels of the coat. I added a little bit more putty to the front skirt of the coat so that it would close more towards the center of the figure. I probably could have closed up the lower part of the coat below the waist a bit more.

Finally, a new officer's sash was built up with putty, front and back of the figure. Frederick usually wore his sash outside of his coat rather than underneath the coat.

On the left, the fusilier NCO figure and on the right, the Prussian officer with sword.

Side view of the fusilier illustrating the change in the legs and the repositioning of the head.
The officer figure has a new sash around the waist on the outside of the coat, rather than being worn inside the coat.
Eventually, the base of the fusilier figure broke off, having been weakened by the cuts to the base, so I had to make a new base for the figure. I drilled a hole into the left foot and inserted a flat head tack or nail into it as a pin. The flat head of the pin provided enough extra flat metal to allow me to build up a new base with putty. The new base was not particularly pretty, but you won't be able to see it once the figure is painted and based onto the stand.

You can see how the fusilier NCO's head has been removed and then repositioned so that it is looking to the right rather than straight ahead. Its legs have been altered so that the left leg is now on the ground, rather than raised; the opposite is true for the right leg with the foot off the ground rather than on the ground.

It All Comes Together Now
Now it's time to take a test pose to see how both of the figures fit together. The fusilier is now looking to his right at Frederick. The fusilier's base still needs to be flattened out a little so that there is more rise of the heel off of the ground. Frederick looks pretty good by now. I did a test of the flag by taking a flag that was already made up - this being a Saxon flag that Mark Allen painted for me several years ago for a Saxon Project that is waiting in the wings. 

A front view illustrating the conversion of the officer figure into Frederick holding the colours

A Word About Saxons
I should point out that Crann Tara Miniatures is about to release a range of Saxons in the Pirna era uniforms. In the event that you can't wait for the official Saxons, then the Minden Prussian infantry with the Swedish cuffs are a near perfect substitute for early Saxons, noting that their grenadiers wore a Prussian style mitre, truth be told.

At any rate, my delay in launching my Saxon army has been fortunate because now I can use the new Crann Tara Saxons, but I will still use some Minden figures, the cavalry in particular, for my Saxon army in the future.

Let's Get Back to the Vignette Story
Everything seems to fit into place and work nicely. I finished off the stand with a Minden casualty figure and added a drum for battlefield debris effect. So now it was time to paint the elements.

A side view of the Frederick conversion. A Saxon flag painted by Mark Allen
is held by Frederick, temporarily, to show how the figure will hold the Prussian flag.

The painting of the figures was relatively easy. I purposely made Frederick's eyes a little bit "bug eyed" to give him that steely resolve that Carl Rochling captured so well. Frederick is definitely starring intensely at the enemy to his front.

I have talked about the von Bulow flag in a previous post on this blog HERE which you can check out for more details. Basically, I use the Kronoskaf flags Kronoskaf as a template over which I repaint the entire flag.

So here is a picture of the finished vignette:

The finished vignette with the hand-painted flag (using a Kronoskaf image as a template). A casualty and a spare drum are placed on the stand to embellish the overall look.

How I Base My Figure Stands
The base was made using my usual basing technique. I use Red Devil Premixed Spackle compound (i.e. wallboard paste) and mix some brown acrylic paint into the one quart container, using a little bit of water to thin out the mix. Then I trowel the brown spackle onto the base and around the figures. If you accidentally get some spackle onto the figure, then take an old paint brush, dip it in water, and then brush the spackle off the figure. Spackle turns highly runny when it comes into contact with water, so it is easy to "wash it off" with water.

Next I dip the base, while the spackle is still wet, into a tub of extra fine railroad ballast that you can purchase from any model shop. Wargame products companies such as Gale Force 9 and a few others also sell small plastic jars of the ballast. I let the stand dry for about 4 to 8 hours, though it actually begins to harden within an hour. The reason for waiting is to give the spackle more time to set and to make it less subject to the effect of apply damp paint to the base.

I use Geo Hex Brown paint, dip my large brush into the pot, and then "stipple" the paint onto the base, leaving some of the original gravel color showing. Stippling is when you put paint on the brush and sort of punch it downwards onto the canvas, or in this case, the terrained base.

Next I glue on some tufts (grass and some field flowers) onto the base with white glue and let the glue dry before applying the static grass. Dab some white glue on the places where you want the static grass to be, but leave some bare patches of gravel for greater effect. It always brings a tear to my eye whenever I see someone apply the entire base with static grass - it just don't look good!

Sprinkle the static grass by hand over the base, applying extra grass, and then turn the stand upside down and give it a good shake. I also tap the back of the base with my index finger to shake off the excess static grass. Now turn the base upright - pucker up and just blow across the topside of the base so that the static grass will stand up. You will still see some of the white glue showing through the grass at this point, but let the glue dry for awhile and the white disappears.

von Bulow Regiment - Minden Miniatures
The von Bulow regiment, second battalion actually, is shown below. I just finished painting and basing the unit a couple of days ago. Frederick would be proud to lead these fellows into battle I think.

The second battalion of the von Bulow Fusilier Regiment

The full battalion of 32 figures. Minden Miniatures and Kronoskaf pattern flags.

Friday, June 8, 2018

More Hand Painted Flags for IR46 von Bulow

Two smaller regimentsfahn (left) and the larger practice version on the right.

Yesterday, I knocked out two more flags for the von Bulow Fusiliers, sized a bit smaller than the larger first practice flag that I painted earlier this week. These will be placed on my newly-painted second battalion of the von Bulow Fusiliers that I completed earlier today. I had forgotten to order the second battalion flags from GMB Designs, so I decided to go ahead and give it a go at painting my own flags.

You might recall that I painted some Russian Observation Corps flags recently using the Kronoskaf flags as a template of sorts. I cut and paste the flag images from Kronoskaf, make a mirror image reverse side version, and then stick the two halves together in Word. Once in Word, the flags are scaled down to a size that will fit in with my Minden 30mm figures.

The next step is to start painting over the Kronoskaf flag with acrylic paint, covering virtually all of the surface with new paint to create a hand-painted flag. The hardest part is painting the royal cyphers inside the black flames. They are so tiny that painting them to a decent standard is difficult, more so than with a larger flag surface to work with.

The command stand for 2nd Battalion IR46 von Bulow Fusiliers.
The figures are from Minden Miniatures, of course.

The reverse sides of the flags are shown above.

Here is the Full Cleveland image of the battalion:

The second battalion of von Bulow. I had to place one of the stands behind the flag stand
in order to get all of the figures into the picture. There are 32 figures in the battalion.

I will be basing the unit today, using pre-mixed spackle paste with brown acrylic paint stirred into the pot. The stand goop is spread around the bases of the figures and then the stand is dipped into a tray of "very fine" railroad ballast. Once the base completely dries (in about 4 hours), I will dry brush some brown paint onto the base (I actually use the "stipple" technique for the paint highlights). Following that, the bases are finished off with tufts of grass and flowers and static grass on the ground.

I will post pictures of the completed and based battalion (as well as the whole 2-battalion regiment) tomorrow, so return tomorrow for the update.

I think that IR46/2 will be one of my favorite battalions in my Prussian army because I painted everything in it: figures and flags. There is something very satisfying about doing all the work myself rather than paying a professional to hand paint the flags for me. A unit seems to have no "soul" unless you have invested your own time and effort into bringing it to life with your own brushes.

The von Bulow regiment is part of the Pommeranian Army of Prussians that will fight against the Russians. I now have 5 Prussian battalions (32-figures instead of 30) for this new army. My goal is to paint 10 or 12 battalions and then simply use the cavalry regiments from my other Prussian army (the King's Army).

Friday, June 1, 2018

Battle of Kingston Report - AWI Campaign

Farmer Gill, a local Loyalist to the Crown, is interogated by Lt. Colonel O'Hara prior to the start of the Battle of Kingston.


I fought the Battle of Kingston last week and am presenting a report of the action which was contested between Lord Cornwallis' British army and the Rebels' Continental Army of General Horatio Gates. The battle concludes Turn 10 of our twelve-turn South Carolina Campaign of 1780.

Cornwallis won a crushing victory over Gates, eliminating all four SPs of the American army from the campaign and possibly locking in a British win of the entire campaign. There are only two turns remaining in the campaign, which runs a maximum of twelve turns.

Campaign Overview - events leading up to the Battle of Kingston
The map below depicts the location of the various British and American units in South Carolina on game Turn 10. You can locate Kingston in the middle right pointy area along the NC and SC border.

After Gates' defeat by Cornwallis at the Battle of Cheraw, Gates retreated to the Southeast towards Kingston rather than taking the more logical route north to his base at Hillsborough, North Carolina. He knew that he could not survive a pursuit of his army by Cornwallis. As expected, Cornwallis marched towards Hillsborough and Gates marched to Kingston and avoided a fight on Turn 9.

Cornwallis caught wind of Gates' deception and so he turned around and headed back to Cheraw. There, he reasoned that Gates only had two choices of direction: the south road leading back to Camden, where Lord Rawdon had a sizeable army; or southeast towards Kington. It was doubtful that Gates would march to Camden and run into Rawdon, so the only possibility was Kingston.
SC Campaign Map - Turn 10

The only problem with going to Kingston for Gates was that he would eventually be trapped between Cornwallis in Cheraw and the British stronghold at Georgetown. The map indicates that Gates could continue to march east to Little River, SC and then on to Georgetown, but he would be out of supply and begin to lose strength points (SPs) each turn that he was out of supply. So going to Kingston only delayed the inevitable destruction of his army - either through attrition of outright defeat in battle.

By delaying a potential battle for a turn, Gates would have time to construct some hasty earthworks and hope that Cornwallis would attack him and produce a Bunker Hill style battle that would favor the Rebels.

The Opposing Forces

Gates would begin the battle with only 4SPs, having lost half of his army at Cheraw. He rolled dice to determine if the local Kingston militia would turn out and support him, and to his great surprise the fools did turn out to join his rag tag army. Then Gates hived off one stand  from each of his Continental regiments to created a converged battalion of Chosen Men, which would act as a reserve unit. These actions taken together increased Gates' army from 4SPs to 6SPs.

Gates' Army: Thus the Continentals were divided into two brigades: the South Carolina Brigade (1st and 3rd SC regiments) commanded by Colonel Isaac Huger and the Virginia Brigade (1st and 3rd VA regiments) commanded by Colonel George Weedon. The Rebels had one 6-pound cannon that was attached to Weedon's brigade deployed on the left. Huger's SC brigade was deployed in the center-right. The Kingston militia deployed to the right of Huger and the Chosen Men deployed behind Huger's brigade (where they formed a last line of defense inside the town of Kingston).

Cornwallis' Army: The British army was also divided into two commands or wings. The righthand brigade was commanded by Lt. Colonel O'Hara and consisted of the converged Light Battalion, the Guards Brigade and a troop of the 17th Light Dragoons. There was also a 1-pound amusette attached to the brigade.

The lefthand brigade was commanded by Lt. Colonel Silas Cathcart and was comprised of the 4th, the 5th, the 44th and the 55th regiments of foot. Several companies of Ferguson's Rifles, a 1-pound amusette and two Royal Artillery 3-pounders were in Cathcart's brigade.

The Lay of the Land
The annotated picture below depicts the key terrain features of the battlefield as well as the initial American deployment around the town of Kingston, SC. The North direction is in the upper right corner, South in the lower left corner, West in the upper left corner, and East in the lower right corner.

Please click on the picture below to view the terrain and read the annotations to familiarize yourself with the table top terrain. The game was played on a 6ft by 12ft table.

Annotated Overhead View of the key terrain features , annotated in "orange", of the Battle of Kingston. T
he initial American deployment of troops is annotated in "blue".

Gates deployed his small army on a West to East axis in front of the town of Kingston. His right flank was anchored on a hill adjacent to the Waccamaw River, which flows in a southward direction into the larger Pee Dee River, which in turn, flows into the Atlantic Ocean. He deployed his only artillery piece, a 6-pounder, on the "Artillery Hill", facing the probable British arrival on the Cheraw Road to its front. The British entry point for its O'Hara's right wing is at the Cheraw Road next to the Gill Farm.

Lt. Colonel O'Hara's brigade of the rightwing arrives on the Cheraw Road.

The Cheraw Road runs south and intersects the Kingston Pike, making a dog-leg towards the southeast crossing the front edge of Kingston, then making another dog-leg turn to the east, where it exits the table at the Preece Farm (lower right corner).

The British left wing of Cathcart entered the table along the righthand edge of the picture above, between the Gill Farm and the Preece Farm.

Lt. Colonel Cathcart's British Brigade - left wing.

Weedon's brigade: 3rd Virginia regiment deployed behind the abbatis,
with a 6-pound cannon dug in on  Artillery Hill behind them.
American 6-pounder covers the British approach down the Cheraw Road.

Thus does Gates' American army cover a long stretch of the table from the Waccamaw River to the Preece Farm, ignoring the observation of Frederick the Great that "he who defends everything defends nothing." Gates had sufficient time to dig some wolf pits in front of Kingston and to construct some abattis and hasty works along the flanks of his position.

American wolf pits supported by formed troops - 3rd South Carolina regiment.

The Battle Begins

The battle commenced with with the skirmishers and light troops of both sides sniping at each other. The American riflemen picked off the crew of the amusette posted on the left wing in front of Cathcart's brigade. The riflemen also inflicted the game's first casualties on the British 5th Regiment, the surprise of which caused it to go "shaken" for a turn. The artillery fire of both armies were largely ineffective at long range.

By Turn Three, the two sides had closed to within musket range of each other

Overhead view of the initial British advance towards the American lines in front of Kingston.

Overhead view of the British attack as it approaches the the abbatis that have been constructed across the length of the rebel defensive ling.

The British 44th Regiment approaches the wolf pits and engages the rebel skirmishers.


Battle on the British Right

Light battalion advances towards Artillery Hill in loose files while the Guards march down the Cheraw Road.
Guards and 17th Light Dragoons march past the Gill Farm
to support the Light battalion attack of Artillery Hill.

The 55th Regiment from Cathcart's Brigade assists O'Hara's attack. T
he Light Btn has now closed ranks and engages the 3rd Virginia in front of the abbatis.

The 3rd VA has to fall back towards Artillery Hill or risk getting outflanked by the Guards,
who are crossing the log boom placed in Cheraw Road.

Rather than attacking Artillery Hill, the Guards continue to march down the Cheraw Road,
and then take a left turn to charge into the flank of the 3rd South Carolina regiment of Huger's Brigade.

Attack on the British Left

Cathcart's Brigade is deployed with the 5th, 44th and 55th regiments of foot in the first line, supported by the 4th Regiment in the second line, in reserve. The Royal Artillery battery of 3-pounders was not very effective against the dug in defenders of the wolf pits, so the artillery stayed in the rear areas while the British infantry closed in on the Rebels.

Cathcart's Brigade close in on Huger's South Carolina Brigade.

The 44th Regiment halts in front of the wolf pits. The Rebel skirmishers will have to retire behind the formed friends (3rd SC Regt.) behind them as they can't stand up to the formed British regulars.

The 1st SC regiment routs on Turn Three,  but Gates is there to rally them back into good order.

Eye to Eye Along the Kingston Pike!
The Kingston Militia repulses the attack of the 5th Regiment, who take a morale check and ROUT! Egads.

On Turn Six, the 44th Regiment marched right in the face of the 3rd SC and delivered a devastating volley that "shook/shaken" the hunting shirt clad Gamecocks. The plucky 3rd SC held it together long enough to return the favor at the 44th, and this time it was the redcoats who legged it out of the battle line in rout. A group of rebel skirmishers picked off some of the officers of the 55th Regiment, who went "shaken" as a result. Suddenly, things were not looking so good for Cathcart and the British center. There was some good news for the British, however, as the 4th Regiment filled in the gap created by the rout of the 44th and routed the 1st SC for the second time in the battle. The 1st VA regiment also routed, but Gates' converged Chosen Men filed in behind the Virginians and plugged the hold in the American battle line in the center.

On Turn Seven, things continued to go south for Cathcarts' Brigade. The 5th Regiment attempted to charge the Kingston Militia, but instead they routed as the militia held its ground behind the stone wall. The 44th Regiment was still in rout mode from the previous turn as Cathcart could not rally them. Meanwhile, the Americans were down to only two viable regiments in the center: the Chosen Men and the 3rd SC. The Kingston Militia were still in good morale, but they had seen enough and decided that it was time to march off the field in good order and skatter into the countryside.

Finally, Lord Cornwallis rode over and rallied both the 5th and 44th Regiments on Turn Eight. The crisis in the British center/left was averted.

The 5th Regiment is too panicked to heed Cathcart's (left) orders to halt,
so Lord Cornwallis (right) trots over  to calm the soldiers and rally them

Ferguson's Rifles cover the left flank of Cathcart's Brigade and take on the
Continental skirmishers along the Kingston Pike.
While Cathcart's Brigade had been staggered by withering American muskety, it rallied all of its regiments and prepared to make another assault on the crumbling  American center. At the same time, O'Hara's Brigade had finally run off the defenders of Artillery Hill and now outflanked what remained of Huger's Brigade in the American center.

Last stand of the 1st and 3rd SC regiments -Huger's Brigade
The picture below provides an aeriel overhead view of the battlefield at the end of Turn Eight, which is where the Battle of Kingston ended.

British positions at the end of the battle. Click to enlarge.

The rout was on as the remnants of Gates' army fled through the town of Kingston. At the end of the day, the only remaining viable units were the Kingston Militia and the Battalion of Chosen Men. The remainder of Horatio Gates' army were either running for their lives or casualties in the field. Gates himself was at the head of the mob that was rampaging through Kingston town.

"You there. Yes you! Organize a defense of the town while I ride and get some reinforcements."

The British Guards Btn charges down the Kingston Pike, c
hasing the remnants of the Rebel army into the town of Kingston.

There seemed to be no stopping of the British now as the 17th Light Dragoons led the pursuit and forced the few American formed regiments to lay down their arms and surrender.

The 17th Light Dragoons finish off the Rebels.

The Butcher's Bill
NOTE: the figures in parentheses indicate the beginning strength of the unit, minus their losses = ending strength.

British Army: they began the battle with 220 figures and lost 47, ending the battle with 173 figures.

Cathcart's Brigade
4th Regt.  (32 - 4 = 24)    Shaken & Recovered
5th Regt. (32 - 8 = 24)     Routed & Rallied
44th Regt. (32 - 9 = 23)   Routed twice & Rallied
55th Regt. (32 - 8 = 24)   Destroyed the 3rd SC
Ferguson's Rifles (12)      Lightly engaged

O'Hara's Brigade
Light Battalion (32-14 = 18)   Routed the 3rd VA 
Guards  (32-2 = 30)                 Routed  the 3rd SC
17th Light Dragoons               Pursued and captured remnants of Gates' army
RA 3-pdrs (6 crew/2 guns)      Lightly engaged

American Army: they began the battle with 145 men including 25 local militia and lost 66 figures as field casualties and the remaining 79 figures surrendered, including General Gates and Colonels Huger and Weedon. The battle statistics indicate that Huger's Brigade fought hard and suffered heavy losses. The 3rd Virginia stoughtly defended Artillery Hill versus twice their numbers, but ultimately routed once the Guards slipt past their right flank and cut them off from the rest of the army. Probably the best performing unit was the Kingston Militia, who routed the 5th Regiment during a melee.

Independent Troops
Chosen Men (18-0 = 18)        Covered the retreat of the army before being captured
Kingston Militia (25-5 = 20)  Routed the 5th Regt., retired in good order and dispersed

Weedon's VA Brigade
1st Virginia (20 - 14 = 6)        Routed
3rd Virginia (30 -11 = 19)      Routed after defending Artillery Hill
6-pounder (4 crew)                 Lightly engaged

Huger's SC Brigade
1st South Carolina (24-18 = 6)   Routed twice & Rallied once
3rd South Carolina (24-18 = 6)  Routed after hit in flank by Guards

Campaign Note
So at the end of Turn Ten, the British army had 33 SPs in the field compared to just 19 SPs for the American rebels. The American SPs include 6 SPs of partisans under the commands of Marion and Pickens.

I have yet to add up other campaign Victory Points for things such as towns controlled, captured SPs , captured enemy generals, battles won, etc. However, it looks as though the British have a commanding lead in the campaign with just two more turns to go. My assessment is that the British have likely won the South Carolina Campaign of 1780. Technically they had already done so several turns ago when Banastre Tarleton raided into North Carolina and captured the American supply base at Hillsborough, NC. However, Tarleton forgot that he needed to hold the city and he marched back into SC to create more mischief for the Americans. I too forgot about the impact of capturing Hillsboro so we gamed on through it and won't count it as a victory condition for the campaign.

On Turn Eleven, I expect that both sides will attempt to gobble up as many towns as they can in order to increase their total VPs. The Americans will likely avoid a pitched battle with either Cornwallis or Rawdon and Rawdon commands the only field army that is within striking distance of DeKalb's American army. Cornwallis is too far removed to be able to march and battle another opponent before the campaign ends in two turns.